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croze


Image - croze
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Durrell Museum
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Nom de l'objet : croze
Classification de l'objet : man-made artefact
Catégorie de l'objet : tools & equipment for materials
Sous-catégorie de l'objet : woodworking tools & equipment
Discipline : anthropology
history
local history
maritime history
material culture
Matériaux : wood
metal
Technique de fabrication : sawn
cast
planed
Numéro de catalogue : 2003.1.56
Pays d'origine : Canada ?
Continent d'origine : North America ?
Province d'utilisation : Newfoundland and Labrador
pre-confederation Newfoundland
Pays d'utilisation : Canada
Dominion of Newfoundland
Culture : Canadian ?
Secteur géo-culturel : North American ?
Contexte culturel : coopering
Date de fin de production : P 1960
Période : first half of 20th century
Description : This is a semicircular wooden grooving plane with a grooving blade attached to a shaft passing through it.
Commentaires : Coopers' tools remained primarily unchanged for hundreds of years, and many coopers made their own tools. Like many cooper's tools, this croze is semi-circular, enabling it to follow the shape of the cask. Coopers would have had many of their tools in several different sizes to fit the size of the cask being made. Many rural Newfoundland communities had a cooper, who was an important part of the community. Outport coopers were generally very versatile, making a variety of items the community needed. These included "tightwork" (watertight barrels), "slackwork" (non-watertight barrels for holding dry items such as salt fish, apples, or berries), and "whitework" (items for the home, such as buckets, tubs, and churns). An important task of coopers in Twillingate was making fish barrels (casks) for dried salt cod to be shipped overseas and to the mainland of Canada. Coopers in outport Newfoundland often cut local wood during the winter months, and made it into casks during the spring and summer, when demand for barrels was heavy. This croze was owned by members of the Ashbourne family in the coopering trade. Because the Ashbourne firm was the largest fishing business in the Twillingate area during the first half of the twentieth century, Ashbourne family coopers would have had plenty of casks to make. After 1960, when a frozen fish processing plant was established in Twillingate, dried fish was rarely exported and the need for casks would have declined.
Fonctions : A croze was used by coopers to carve a groove (also known as a croze) on the inside of wooden casks, near the top and bottom of the cask, for the top and bottom heads to fit into. These cuts were made in a shallow depression, known as a howel, that had been cut earlier with a chiv. The purpose of the howel was to ensure that the croze had an even surface for cutting into, resulting in a groove that was of a uniform depth throughout and would hopefully fit the head tightly without leakage. The cooper had to ensure that he cut a straight groove with the croze so that the heads would sit flatly. The large semi-circular fence on this croze would have helped with this task, since it could rest of the top of the barrel staves, resulting in the cutting iron always being the same distance from the top of the barrel staves.
Hauteur : 29
Largeur : 45
Unité de mesure linéaire : cm
Nombre d'objets : 1
Nombre de parties composantes : 1
Nom des parties composantes : plane
Objets associés : see also 2003.9.1a-c
2003.66.1a-e
Établissement : Durrell Museum
Ville de l'établissement : Durrell
Province de l'établissement : Newfoundland and Labrador
Site web de l'établissement : http://www.manl.nf.ca/index.php/component/mtree/durrell-museum.html?Itemid=  

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