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Wheel, Spinning


Image - Wheel, Spinning Image - Wheel, Spinning
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Antigonish Heritage Museum
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Nom de l'objet : Wheel, Spinning
Artiste ou artisan : Alexander McIntosh
Catégorie de l'objet : Textile Manufacturing Equipment
Matériaux : Wood, ?
Numéro d'accession : 2010.044.005
Autres données géographiques : Tracadie, NS B0H, Canada [45.623608,-61.667407]
Date de début de production : 1811-01-01
Date de fin de production : 1811-12-31
Description : A wooden Saxony style spinning wheel.  A sloping table, with 3 turned legs, supports a 16-spoked wooden drive wheel. A crank on the wheels axle is connected to a foot treadle (pedal) by a tapered wooden footman. The drive wheel is connected by a string drive band to a U-shaped flyer and bobbin (spool holding the spun yarn), suspended by leather bearings
Commentaires : This wheel was from the Tramble home at Tracadie, Antigonish County.
Fonctions : This spinning wheel was made by Alexander McIntosh, a carpenter who emigrated from Dull, Scotland to Pictou, NS in 1803. McIntosh was driven from Scotland by the Highland Clearances (agricultural land dispossessed during the mid-18th and 19th century). All of McIntoshs wheels are dated, with the earliest dating to 1807. This wheel dates to 1811 making it a wheel that was made in Alexanders early years. McIntosh spinning wheel designs changed very little over the lifetimes of Alexander, his son, and his grandsons, all of whom were making spinning wheels into at least 1889. The basic and solid workhorse design of these wheels probably served as a template for several other Scottish makers in Cape Breton. This is based on the presence of unique elements present in McIntosh spinning wheels appearing in their designs, such as the characteristic turnings of the "maidens" (the vertical pieces holding the flyer), and particularly the flat paddle end of the foot treadle to which the "footman" is fastened.  Yarns have been spun on various forms of spindle a pointed wood or metal rod for over 6000 years. This process is inherently discontinuous, with alternating twisting of the fibre off the pointed end, and winding of the spun yarn onto the base of the spindle. In the 16th century, the basic design of the spinning wheel underwent a major change with the development of the flyer wheel. The fibre is twisted by the rotation of a U-shaped flyer, and the twisted yarn is drawn in through a hollow orifice (hole), onto the arm of the flyer, which then winds the spun yarn onto a bobbin situated on the central shaft. This permits uninterrupted spinning, rather than the alternating twisting and winding process required with a spindle (walking) wheel. Not only did this development speed up the process, but it also fostered the addition of a foot treadle as a source of the power needed to drive the rotation.
Établissement : Antigonish Heritage Museum
Ville de l'établissement : Antigonish
Province de l'établissement : Nova Scotia
Site web de l'établissement : http://www.heritageantigonish.ca/   Facebook-Antigonish Heritage Museum  Twitter-Antigonish Heritage Museum  YouTube-Antigonish Heritage Museum

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