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Image - sampler
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Queens County Heritage
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Nom de l'objet : sampler
Artiste ou artisan : Lynds, Sarah
Catégorie de l'objet : Communication Artifacts
Sous-catégorie de l'objet : Art
Matériaux : cotton on linen
Numéro d'accession : 1967.201.1
Province d'origine : Nova Scotia
Pays d'origine : Canada
Province d'utilisation : New Brunswick
Pays d'utilisation : Canada
Culture : Canadian
Date de fin de production : 1780
Commentaires : Since the beginning, Wolastoqiyik and Mi?kmaq have lived along the river and lakes of present-day Queens County. In the 17th century, French and Dutch explorers travelled the river and by the 18th century, French settlements appeared at Grimross, Jemseg and Villeray, and included the fort near Jemseg. During the Seven Years War, British Colonel Robert Monckton sailed up the river destroying the Acadian settlements, among them Grimross, whose destruction on 4 November 1758 was captured by an artist with Monckton?s troops. The end of the war in 1763 made way for the first permanent English settlers of the area, the pre-Loyalists. The fertile soils of the river valley and lakes made for attractive settlement by the first groups of English migrants. As part of Nova Scotia, land grants at Maugerville and Gagetown were offered, however establishing communities so far from the base of political and military power at Halifax remained daunting. Areas closest to Halifax benefited the most from the pre-Loyalist influx with families like that of Jacob Lynds of Massachusetts, who established himself in Colchester County. Hardy souls such as the Coys, Estabrooks, Garrisons and Palmers firmly planted themselves further afield in the St. John River valley. Jacob Lynds (18 May 1716 ? 22 November 1768) was born in Ireland. One source notes that he was the son of Thomas Lynds (born 24 October 1685) and Lydia Greene (born 11 August 1685) of Malden, Massachusetts. Jacob married Mary Gould (born 6 April 1724) of Stoneham, Massachusetts, on 28 March 1746 at Malden. Mary was known as the widow McNutt when she married. Jacob and Mary had several children in Massachusetts: Thomas, born 23 December 1748; Jacob, born 27 July 1751; Mary, born 27 July 1751 (twins?); Barnard, born 26 October 1752; Lydia, born 25 March 1755; John, born 20 March 1757; and Ruth, born 6 November 1759. Some time prior to 1768 (one source suggests 1761) Jacob, Mary and the family migrated to Colchester County, Nova Scotia. On 18 April 1768 another daughter Sarah was born at Onslow (Truro area). Within months, Jacob was dead. Mary Gould later married James Whidden, another Nova Scotia pre-Loyalist. In 1780, 12 year old Sarah made this small sampler, a piece of needlework usually made by girls at the age of 10 or 12 to demonstrate their stitchery skills. Sarah Lynds married John Wright (born 7 November 1766 ? 1820) of Onslow, Nova Scotia, on 25 November 1788 and had several children: Deborah, born 9 October 1789; Ruth, born 24 December 1790; James, born 17 July 1792; Sarah, born 25 October 1793; David, born 7 August 1796; William, born 1 March 1798; Rebecca, born 22 August 1799; Jacob Lynds, born 14 January 1801; Lucy, born 17 July 1802; Esther, born September 1803; Miriam, birth date not known; and Elizabeth, born 1806. John Wright?s death place is noted as being New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, indicating the family?s relocation from Onslow at some point. Even though Sarah and John?s children did have families of their own, when Sarah died in 1846, the sampler passed to her sister Ruth?s family and descended through the female family line to the donor, Ella Sarah Cambridge Dingee. The Sarah Lynds sampler is a treasure, linking us to a time and place for which we have few records and objects. Indeed, objects from the days before the creation of New Brunswick are exceedingly rare.
Hauteur : 17
Largeur : 24
Unité de mesure linéaire : cm
Établissement : Queens County Heritage
Ville de l'établissement : Gagetown
Province de l'établissement : New Brunswick
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