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Bayonet, Triangular


Image - Bayonet, Triangular
Pour © contacter :
Veterans Memorial Military Museum
Tous droits réservés.
Nom de l'objet : Bayonet, Triangular
Type de l'objet : Bayonet, Triangular
Catégorie de l'objet : Tools & Eqiupment for Science & Technology
Sous-catégorie de l'objet : Armament - Edged
Discipline : Military history
Matériaux : iron
Numéro d'accession : 1990.69.1
Fabricant : unknown
Culture : British
Date de début de production : 1722
Date de fin de production : 1838
Description : Iron bayonet with a triangular-shaped blade. At the wide end of the blade is a cylindrical tube to permit the bayonet to be attached to the barrel of a rifle or musket.
Commentaires : Socket bayonets, so-called for the socket that attaches the bayonet to the firearm, were first developed in by the French in the 1670's. Socket bayonets were used throughout Europe for about 150 years, with only minor variations in form depending on the diametre of the muzzle on the firearm they were designed for. This bayonet was issued with the popular Brown Bess musket, a British-made flintlock musket that saw service from the early 18th century to the mid-19th century. Bayonets were first introduced in the mid-17th century, when peasant soldiers in the southern French town of Bayonne rammed long-bladed hunting knives into the barrels of their muskets to form impromptu spears after running out of black powder and shot. Since then, the bayonet saw common use well into the 20th century, and even today many rifles are outfitted with bayonets. The earliest bayonets were called plug bayonets and fit directly into the muzzle of the firearm, preventing firing of the weapon until the bayonet was removed. The limitations of the plug bayonet soon became apparent, leading to the development of the socket bayonet. Socket bayonets attached to the muzzle of the firearm via a hollow socket that locked into place with a spring-loaded catch. The blade was offset from the barrel of the firearm and the socket attachment permitted continued firing of the weapon with the bayonet in place. Socket bayonets typically featured a triangular blade which were relatively light and rigid. By the 19th century the triangular bayonet gave way to the sword bayonet, so-called for it's visual similarity to a sword. The sword bayonet attached to the rifle via a socket on the cross-guard of the bayonet. Sword bayonets featured a hilt, which allowed the bayonet to be removed and wielded like a true sword. Trench warfare during World War I led to the development of knife bayonets, similar to sword bayonets but with shorter blades due to cramped quarters in the trenches. Most of today's bayonets are knife bayonets.
Fonctions : Socket bayonet issued with the Brown Bess musket, used for close-quarters fighting.
Longueur : 55
Établissement : Veterans Memorial Military Museum
Ville de l'établissement : Kensington
Province de l'établissement : Prince Edward Island
Site web de l'établissement : http://www.kata.pe.ca/attract/veteran/veteran.htm  

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