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Image - Chair
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Farmers' Bank of Rustico
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Nom de l'objet : Chair
Type de l'objet : Chair
Catégorie de l'objet : Furnishings
Sous-catégorie de l'objet : Furniture
Matériaux : wood, birch, pine, paint
Numéro de catalogue : 4000
Numéro d'accession : 4000
Date de début de production : 1859
Date de fin de production : 1869
Description : Chair; wood, birch, pine, paint, black; all wooden chair with birch wood frame and pine wood seat; a basic design with squared legs; two slightly curved arm rests and a straight ladder back made of two back splats; seat made from two wide boards; rounded runners between legs
Commentaires : This chair was reportedly made by Father Belcourt. In 1859- Father Antoinne Belcourt arrived in Rustico, P.E.I to serve as the parish priest at the age of 56. Father Belcourt was held in high esteem for his previous work with the aboriginals in Manitoba and Minnesota, U.S.A. He studied the Chippewa language and compiled the first dictionary in that language. Father Belcourt soon proved to be a visionary for the Rustico Acadians and initiated many positive changes during his time on the Island. He started a high school for residents of the area in the parish house, and personally taught while a teacher from Montreal was located and arrived to take over the position in 1865. He also initiated a program of adult education- The Catholic Institute of Rustico, with temperance a prerequisite for membership, and started a brass band that was popular across the Island. One of Belcourts greatest achievements was the creation of the `Farmers Bank`. Construction on the bank began in 1861 and Father Belcourt was the chief architect. This new bank was the precursor to the credit union movement on Prince Edward Island. As the Acadians of PEI at this time did not own the land they farmed, they had to lease it yearly from landlords, and access to credit at a reasonable rate was crucial for their future success. Father Belcourt recognized this need, and through the Farmers Bank, farmers were able to obtain credit at rates of 6-8 percent, a far cry from the 20 percent rate the other banks were offering at the time. Throughout the 19th century, Acadians created traditional furniture using hand tools. As with textile production, techniques and tools for making furniture were transferred from generation to generation. Side chairs with plank seats, squared legs and posts, and through mortised backs slats are the most frequently encountered type of traditional furniture. Always painted and sometimes featuring chamfered legs and posts. Some traditional furniture, such as tables, chairs, benches and chests, filled very practical purposes. They mainly show straightforward construction techniques and stylistic uniformity, as well as evidence of wear and replacement of worn parts.
Hauteur : 91
Établissement : Farmers' Bank of Rustico  Facebook-Farmers' Bank of Rustico  Twitter-Farmers' Bank of Rustico 
Ville de l'établissement : Hunter River
Province de l'établissement : Prince Edward Island

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