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|Nom de l'objet :||Desk, School|
|Type de l'objet :||Desk, School|
|Catégorie de l'objet :||Building Furnishings|
|Sous-catégorie de l'objet :||Furniture|
|Numéro de catalogue :||FB.1982.013.01|
|Numéro d'accession :||FB.1982.013.01|
|Date de début de production :||1860|
|Date de fin de production :||1925|
|Description :||Handmade wooden school bench for two students; the wooden slats on the seat and backrest are attached with iron screws and nails; wooden hinges permit the seat to be raised up against the backrest; below the desktop is a small shelf for book storage|
|Commentaires :||The community of Rustico, Prince Edward Island, where this desk originates, received its first one-room school house in the 1860's following the arrival of Father Georges-Antoine Belcourt. Father Belcourt was a Roman Catholic priest who built a reputation for his support of full political rights for the Métis during his time spent as a missionary in Manitoba and it did not take long for his presence to be felt among the impoverished Acadians of Rustico. Through some impressive connections, Father Belcourt managed to secure funding from Emperor Napoleon III to start a parish school and library for the community among his other pursuits which included raising enough money to start the region's first financial institution, the Farmers' Bank, a precursor to the credit union movement on PEI. Desks of this sort were common in the one-room school houses that formed the backbone of education in Prince Edward Island from the 19th century well into the 1960's. Prince Edward Island's one-room school houses were typically constructed of wood and were heated during the winter months by a wood stove. Most schools did not have electricity and relied on natural light. In 1937 there were 51 such schools serving the needs of 1,549 students from grades one through ten. The students in a one-room school house were taught by a single teacher. Since the teachers were often informally trained and were responsible for students at a number of grade levels, subjects were typically restricted to the three R's- Reading, wRitining and aRithmetic- although instructors with more formal training also taught Greek and Latin.|
|Établissement :||Farmers' Bank of Rustico|
|Ville de l'établissement :||Hunter River|
|Province de l'établissement :||Prince Edward Island|
|Site web de l'établissement :||http://www.farmersbank.ca/ Facebook-Farmers' Bank of Rustico Twitter-Farmers' Bank of Rustico|
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