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|Nom de l'objet :||Photograph|
|Type de l'objet :||Bishop Louis O'Leary|
|Catégorie de l'objet :||Communication Artifacts|
|Sous-catégorie de l'objet :||Documentary Artifact|
|Discipline :||Fine Arts|
|Matériaux :||wood, cedar(?)
|Technique de fabrication :||cut, machine
|Numéro d'accession :||SM 1979.3.1|
|Nom de la collection :||BIshop Louis O'Leary|
|Province d'origine :||New Brunswick|
|Pays d'origine :||Canada|
|Description :||The black and white photo is covered in glass and inserted in a wooden frame, the corners of which have been nailed together. Surface of frame has been molded to form an upper and lower level. Area between each level has been painted brown as have the edges of frame. Gold vinyl trim accents the elevated moldings on front of frame. Entire area on back of frame has been covered with brown craft paper which is taped to back of frame with masking tape. Several strands of aluminum wire have been twisted together and are attached to two eye hooks inserted in the edges of frame 21.6 cm from the top on either side.|
|Commentaires :||Two native sons of New Brunswick who played major roles in the history of the Catholic Church in Canada in the first forty years of the twentieth century were brothers from Richibucto: Bishop Louis James O'Leary, D.D. (1877-1930) and Bishop (later Archbishop) Henry Joseph O'Leary, D.D. (1879-1938). Their father , Henry O'Leary, was a merchant and for several years represented Kent County in the Provincial Legislature in Fredericton. Their mother, Mary O'Leary, was a native of Saint John. Her brother, Revrend William O'Leary, had been a missionary to the natives of northwestern New Brunswick and parish priest in Kingsclear. Louis O'Leary, the elder, along with his younger brother, Henry, attended primary classes at the Convent School in St. Louis, New Brunswick. Both then went to the Richibucto Grammar School. Louis was the first of the two to enter St. Joseph's College at Memramcook, N.B. where he received his Bachelor of Arts degree. He proceeded to Montreal where he completed his Theology at the Grand Seminary, and earned his Doctorate in Divinity from Laval University. Being too young for ordination, he was sent to Rome for post-graduate work. There he received his Doctorate in Canon Law from the University of the Apollinaris. He was ordained a priest in the Church of St. John Lateran in Rome in 1900 while not yet 23 years of age. He returned to New Brunswick in 1902 and became secretary for Bishop Thomas F. Barry, D.D., second Bishop of Chatham. In June, 1914, Doctor O'Leary was consecrated Auxiliary Bishop of Chatham with the power of succession. At the same time he was made Titular Bishop of Hierapolis, the consecrating prelate was Most Reverend P.S. Stagni, Papal Delegate to Canada. Bishop O'Leary was to remain in Chatham for a total of eighteen years. Here he endeared himself to all, especially the children. Just as Pope Pius X (1903-1914) became known as the "children's pope", because of his institution of early childhood First Communion, so did Louis O'Leary become a "children's bishop" by encouraging early and frequent Holy Communion and by making a great contribution to the Christian education of youth. It was he who prompted the promotion of St. Joseph's School for Boys in Chatham. Once the old Hotel Dieu Hospital, it became a boarding and day school for boys in Grades One to Four. On June 11, 1919, St. Thomas College was burned and with it perished the classrooms of St. Joseph's School. The "First Hotel Dieu" was almost miraculously preserved and was transformed into "St. Joseph's Preparatory School for Boys". On this occasion, it was remarked by Bishop O'Leary that St. Joseph's had, up to the present, enjoyed but a very unstable existence, and true it had met with every hardship and inconvenience; "but" he added, "St. Joseph's School had to come to the 'cradle' of all other parochial institutions ( meaning the First Hotel Dieu) before it could be firmly established; now, it will prosper. It is this building that now houses St. Michael's Museum Association. The building itself dates back to 1946 when Reverend John Sweeney ( later Bishop Sweeney of Saint John) was pastor of St. Michael's Cathedral. St. Joseph's Preparatory School held its last "closing examination on June 19, 1931. "Old boys" of the School include today many good citizens of Church and state. During his years in Chatham, Bishop O'Leary encouraged religious drama for students of both St. Michael's Academy and St. Joseph's School. One drama portrayed a scene from the life of St. Frances of Rome. Brilliantly - uniformed Papal Zouaves from St. Joseph's School sang a papal anthem, the last verse of which was sung in Italian. In 1920, Bishop Louis O'Leary was appointed Bishop of Charlottetown, P. E. I. to succeed his younger and more robust brother, Bishop Henry O'Leary, now named the Archbishop of Edmonton, Alberta. Bishop Louis was actually unhappy about leaving Chatham. In the last ten years of his life, he often returned to his beloved Miramichi to visit old friends and to encourage the work which he initiated. As Bishop of Charlottetown (1920-1930), Louis O'Leary worked tirelessly in spite of his delicate constitution. He enlarged Queen Square School, St. Joseph's Convent, built a home for the aged and a beautiful new hospital; he cleared up the debt of St. VIncent's Orphanage, and opened a convent of the Sisters of St. Martha at Kincora. (This order of St. Martha had been brought to the "island" in 1916 by Bishop Henry O'Leary ). Bishop Louis drew up the Constitutions for this order in accordance with the recently promulgated Code of Canon Law, the copy of which in his own handwriting is carefully preserved. His devotion to the Blessed Eucharist was strikingly brought out at the Children's Sunday Mass. It was wonderful to hear this highly educated cleric bring the gospel teachings to the level of the little ones. Bishop Louis' poor health and the struggle he had in fighting that through the years of his episcopacy made him seem inferior to his younger brother ; because too few realized what a valiant man he really was. In 1929, the Centennial Year of the founding of the Diocese, Bishop Louis brought the Redemptorist Fathers to Charlottetown, as well as an order of cloistered sisters, the Sisters Adorers of the Precious Blood. In that same year, all debt was removed from St. Dunstan's Cathedral, and on June 26, it was consecrated the Minor Basilica of St. Dunstan's. In the summer of 1930, Bishop Louis O'Leary went to Dayton, Ohio, to visit his brother, William O'Leary, for a period of rest. While there, he suffered a heart attack and died in hospital in Cincinnati on July 8. He was 53. He is buried in St. Dunstan's Cemetery, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. ( From a short biographical sketch written by Grace Savage Cady) Bishop O'Leary used to say that he left his heart in Chatham, N.B. Maybe he did!!!!|
|Unité de mesure linéaire :||cm|
|Nombre d'objets :||1|
|Mention de crédit - Image :||For copyright contact St. Michael's Museum.|
|Établissement :||St. Michael's Museum & Genealogical Centre|
|Ville de l'établissement :||Miramichi|
|Province de l'établissement :||New Brunswick|
|Site web de l'établissement :||http://www.saintmichaelsmuseum.com|
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