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|Nom de l'objet :||Collar|
|Type de l'objet :||Bishop's|
|Catégorie de l'objet :||Personal Artifacts|
|Sous-catégorie de l'objet :||Vestment|
|Discipline :||Ceremonial Artifact|
|Matériaux :||fabric, linen
|Technique de fabrication :||cut, machine
|Numéro d'accession :||SM 1981.4|
|Nom de la collection :||Clergy|
|Description :||The collar is a now a light burgundy color as it is greatly faded. The back is plain white. The collar was cut in the shape of a square with the lower corners being rounded. The collar is made in two pieces of fabric with the back and front pieces machine stitched together with rose colored thread. The front has a two-tiered pleat stitched in a zigzag pattern with the same color thread. A rectangular shaped section of lightweight cardboard is inserted in the center of rounded collar, made of same fabric as bib, allowing it to stand upright. A small black eye hook is hand sewn to the inside of standup collar.|
|Commentaires :||A clerical collar is an item of Christian clerical clothing. It is a detachable collar that buttons onto a clergy shirt or rabbat (vest), being fastened by two metal studs, one attached at the front and one at the back to hold the collar to the shirt. The collar closes at the back of the neck, presenting a seamless front. It is almost always white; and was originally made with cotton or linen but is now frequently made with plastic. Sometimes (especially in Roman Catholic practice) it is attached with a "collaret" or "collarino" that covers the white collar almost completely, except for the top edge and a small white square at the base of the throat, to mimic the collar of a cassock. Sometimes the collar is black (or whatever color is appropriate to the rank of the clergyman), with only a detachable tab of white in the front. The clerical collar has no particular religious meaning apart from identifying the person wearing it as a member of the clergy. James McDool Hill was born on October 12, 1899 in Bayside, Bay du Vin, Northumberland County, New Brunswick, the son of James Sylvanus Hill and Margaret Paris Fitzpatrick. He was one of ten children in his family. He was baptized by the Reverend Edmond Pattenaude in Saint Margaret's Catholic Church at St. Margarets, New Brunswick on October 28, 1899, his godparents being John and Mary Flanagan. James McDool Hill was ordained both sub-deacon and deacon on December 1, 1922 at the Grand Seminaire de Quebec, in Quebec City. He was ordained to the priesthood on January 24, 1923 by the Right Reverend Patrice Alexandre Chiassion, third and last bishop of Chatham, first bishop of Bathurst, at St. Michael the Archangel Cathedral in Chatham, New Brunswick. His holiness Pope Pius XII named James McDool Hill as bishop of the DIocese of Victoria, British Columbia on June 28, 1946 and he was consecrated Bishop at 10:00 a.m. on Thursday, July 25, 1946 at Saint Michael the Archangel Cathedral in Chatham, New Brunswick by His Eminence, Ildebrando Cardinal Antoniutti, apostolic delegate to Canada and Newfoundland and Archbishop of Synnada. His Eminence, Cardinal Antoniutti, officiated at the consecration of James M. Hill with the kind assistance of the Most Reverend Camille Andre LeBlanc, D.D., Bishop of Bathurst, and the Most Reverend John R. MacDonald, D.D. Coadjutor Bishop of Antigonish, Nova Scotia, serving as co-consecrators. The Most Reverend Patrick A. Bray, D.D., Bishop of Saint John, delivered the homily. Reverend William John Wallace and Reverend Joseph Vincent Pittman both served as chaplains to James Hill. When the Most Reverend John C. Cody, the bishop of Victoria was appointed as the new Bishop for the Diocese of London in Ontario, the Most Reverend Doctor James McDool Hill was named as his successor in the Diocese of Victoria. Bishop James McDool Hill attended the Chatham Grammar School, Saint Thomas College and the Grand Seminaire de Quebec. Shortly after his ordination to the priesthood on January 24, 1923, Father James M. Hill was appointed as an instructor at Saint Thomas College from 1923 to 1927. Following the death of the Reverend Raymond T. Hawkes on November 3, 1927, James M. Hill was appointed rector or president of Saint Thomas College. He served as rector of Saint Thomas University from 1927 to 1945. He was appointed the first pastor of Saint Thomas Aquinas Catholic Church in Campbellton, New Brunswick on September 8, 1945 until he was named bishop-elect for the diocese of Victoria by Pope Pius XII. He was granted two honorary doctorate degrees, the first in 1937. "Very Reverend James M. Hill, rector of St. Thomas College, was recently honored with a Doctorate of Laws degree at Laval University, Quebec" (Commercial World June 3, 1937). He received his second honorary doctorate of laws degree from Saint Thomas University on May 23, 1960. It was presented to him by the Most Reverend A. B. Leverman, Bishop of Saint John. James McDool Hill died on March 29, 1962 at Victoria, British Columbia at the age of 62. Over 1300 mourners filled Saint Andrew's Roman Catholic Cathedral in Victoria, B.C. for Bishop Hill's funeral including his three living sisters. Victoria City alderman Michael Griffin commented, "Bishop Hill was one of the kindest men I have ever known... His consideration for his fellow man set an example for all of us." A new high school located in Chatham, New Brunswick was named to the memory of Bishop James McDool Hill and was given the name James M. Hill Memorial High School. It opened officially on May 11, 1973. The Honourable J. Lorne McGuigan, Minister of Education for province of New Brunswick cut the ribbon with the assistance of School Board chairperson Mrs. Edward S. Sticklen. The brochure for the formal opening of the school indicates that in 1968, "...four high schools - Nelson High, Chatham High, St. Thomas High and St. Michael's High were consolidated into one school called "District 10 High School". This school was housed in the former St. Thomas High School - St. Thomas University building. This was to be a temporary location as plans were underway to build a large modern complex that was to be called James M. Hill Memorial High School...". James M. Hill Memorial High School has incorporated into its school traditions some of the traditions of the former schools of St. Thomas High and St. Michael's High. The school's colours now are green and gold, and their school teams are called :The Tommies". The colours green and gold had a specific historical significance for the former Catholic schools when they were first founded. Bishop Hill was buried in Ross Bay Cemetery in Victoria, British Columbia.|
|Fonctions :||This collar was worn by Bishop James M. Hill, Bishop of Chatham.|
|Unité de mesure linéaire :||cm|
|Nombre d'objets :||1|
|Mention de crédit - Image :||For copyright contact St. Michael's Museum.|
|Établissement :||St. Michael's Museum & Genealogical Centre|
|Ville de l'établissement :||Miramichi|
|Province de l'établissement :||New Brunswick|
|Site web de l'établissement :||http://www.saintmichaelsmuseum.com|
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