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Screen


Image - Screen Image - Screen Image - Screen Image - Screen Image - Screen Image - Screen
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York Sunbury Museum
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Nom de l'objet : Screen
Artiste ou artisan : Unknown
Type de l'objet : Fire
Catégorie de l'objet : Furnishings
Sous-catégorie de l'objet : Temperature Control Device
Discipline : material culture
Matériaux : Wood, Mahogany
Wood, Mahogany veneer
Wood, Birch
fibre
beads
Wood, Pine
Glass
Technique de fabrication : beaded
embroidered
appliqued
Numéro d'accession : 1979.5.16
Nom de la collection : permanent
Province d'origine : New Brunswick?
Pays d'origine : Canada?
Province d'utilisation : New Brunswick?
Pays d'utilisation : Canada?
Culture : Unknown
Date de fin de production : 1835 circa
Description : A decorative cloth in an encased glassed-in frame which is mounted on a pedestal base. The decorated cloth is in the shape of a shield and suspended on a pole-base. The embroidered cloth encompasses various needle work patterns with appliqued bead work. The decorated cloth frame sits on an adjustable base which is in turn attached to a pole that sits on a quadrilateral base supported by four reverse c-shaped feet. The pole and frame are dark brown in colour.
Commentaires : This fireplace screen was in the possession of the descendants of William and John Hazen for many years. William Hazen, James White and John Simonds joined forces with the large trading company of Joshua Mauger around 1760, establishing a trading company at the mouth of the Saint John River shortly thereafter. William Hazen and his descendants amassed great wealth, providing goods and services to the inhabitants of the Saint John River and its tributaries. Miss Edith Hazen Allen, who donated this piece to the museum, was a descendant of the Hazens and Sir John Campbell Allen, a Chief Justice of New Brunswick. Sir John Allen was in turn a descendant of Peter Fraser, who built the Farraline Home on Queen Street in Fredericton. Miss Allen inherited half the contents of 750 Brunswick Street, Fredericton. This house was built by her great, great grandfather John Adolphus Beckwith. This affulent scholar of French, had also been a civil engineer, a member of the New Brunswick House of Assembly and later joined the provincial Legislative Council.
Fonctions : The fireplace screen served two different roles depending upon the season. In the 17th and 18th centuries cosmetics used a wax base that would have melted if one sat close to a fire. This piece in turn would reflect the heat away from the wax. In summer, the screen was purely decorative, hiding the empty fireplace cavity from the viewer.
Unité de mesure linéaire : cm
Nombre d'objets : 1
Établissement : York Sunbury Museum
Ville de l'établissement : Fredericton
Province de l'établissement : New Brunswick
Site web de l'établissement : http://www.frederictonregionmuseum.wordpress.com/   Facebook-York Sunbury Museum  Twitter-York Sunbury Museum  YouTube-York Sunbury Museum

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