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Image - painting
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Ross Memorial Museum
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Nom de l'objet : painting
Artiste ou artisan : Russell, George Horne
Catégorie de l'objet : communication artifacts
Sous-catégorie de l'objet : art
Médium : oil
Support : canvas
Numéro d'accession : 76.272
Nom de la collection : Ross
Province d'origine : New Brunswick
Pays d'origine : Canada
Culture : Canadian
Date de début de production : 1917 L
Date de fin de production : 1933 P
Période : 1st half of 20th century
Description : Autumn landscape. Trees in fall colours. Country road on left. Possibly Chamcook, near St. Andrews. Gold painted wood frame.
Commentaires : George Horne Russell (1861-1933) was born in Banff, Scotland on April 18, 1861. He showed considerable artistic talent from an early age and subsequently studied art at the Aberdeen Art School and the South Kensington Art School in London. In 1889, at the age of 28, he was persuaded to move to Canada and in the same year married Elizabeth Morrison of Aberdeenshire. Russell opened a studio in Montreal and before long acquired many clients—among them some of the most famous Canadians of the time: Sir Wilfred Laurier, Lord Strathcona and Lord Shaughnessy were painted by him along with many others. Russell was a far from sedentary artist, however, and was not content to wait for sitters to come to him. A tall, vigorous man, he loved the outdoors, especially the sea, and took every opportunity to explore this unknown country. Fortunately, the Grand Trunk Railway gave him a commission in 1909 to paint the Rockies, and after several months in the vast mountains of the west he returned to paint large and impressive canvases of what he had seen. These 'portraits' of the Rockies were much more than a commission for Russell; they contained his vision of a majestic new land and he looked upon this period as of the greatest importance to his development as a landscape artist. Russell also worked with the Montreal Notman photographic firm as an illustrator from 1889-1906. In addition, he received commissions from the Canadian Pacific Railway who employed Russell to design many posters for their hotels and ships and to illustrate brochures for their hotels. From the early 1890 period until his death in 1933 Russell exhibited a total of approximately one hundred paintings with both the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts and the Art Association of Montreal. He also participated in exhibitions with the Ontario Society of Artists (1909-1910), the Canadian National Exhibition (1914-1930) and at the National Gallery of Canada (1926-32). In 1926, the Watson Gallery in Montreal presented the first in a series of annual exhibits of Russell's marine works. He was elected as an associate of the Royal Canadian Academy in 1909, full member in 1918, Treasurer in 1921 and President from 1922 to 1926, In 1917 the CPR produced a booklet entitled St. Andrews By-the-Sea illustrated by Russell. By 1924 Russell was financially secure and could afford a country house. He choose to build in St. Andrews because of his love of the sea and his many connections with the CPR; both Sir William Van Horne and Lord Shaughnessy had estates in the town. Russell built a house on the harbour designed by Maxwell and Pitts and called it Derry Bay—with a studio at one end with a fine large window to provide a north light. He and his wife, with their two children came almost every summer. From his St. Andrews base, he travelled throughout the region to paint scenes of everything from children digging clams to boats in the harbours of places such as Grand Manan, Petite Riviere and Louisbourg—and particularly St. Andrews. Henry Phipps Ross and Sarah Juliette Ross, the benefactors of the Ross Memorial Museum had a number of George Horne Russell paintings in their personal collection which now belong to the museum. Henry Ross called Russell "my esteemed friend" and became an accomplished amateur painter himself; the traditional story is that Russell taught Ross how to paint here in St. Andrews. Russell died on June 24, 1933 and is buried in the St. Andrews Rural Cemetery. The family house in St. Andrews was used for several years by Mrs. Russell and then inherited by their son, Norman. Spicer, C. Ruth, "G. Horne Russell R.C.A.; Portrait of an Illustrator and Artist", Myth and Milieu, Atlantic Literature and Culture 1918-1939, Acadiensis Pr Fredericton, 1993 Walker, Willa, No Hay Fever and a Railway, Gooselane Editions, Fredericton, 1989
Hauteur : 52,5
Largeur : 63
Unité de mesure linéaire : cm
Nombre d'objets : 1
Étiquette ou poinçon : Signed lower right: "G. Horne Russell" On stretcher, ink stamped: " THE PFLEGER PAT./PAT. FEB'Y 1886" Printed paper label on frame: "No" 92613 in pencil "TILDEN-THURBER/Art GalleryProvidence R. I./Makers of/ ARTISTIC FRAMES"
Sujet ou image : landscape
Établissement : Ross Memorial Museum 
Ville de l'établissement : St Andrews
Province de l'établissement : New Brunswick

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