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Key


Image - Key
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Halton Region Museum
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Nom de l'objet : Key
Catégorie de l'objet : 2: Building Furnishings
Sous-catégorie de l'objet : Household Accessory
Discipline : Local History
Matériaux : Steel
Numéro de catalogue : 1962.208.4
Numéro d'accession : 1962.208
Description : Steel key. Long. Natural metal silver colour with loop on one end for handle and flat notched piece at the other end to fit into lock.
Fonctions : Key for jail cell lock, from the jail at the former Halton County Court House.

The establishment of county governments in 1849 charged each county with the administration of its own judicial system, including the erection of a court house and jail. In communities throughout Canada West (Ontario), these imposing buildings reinforced the values of the British judicial system as the cornerstone of civilized society.

In Halton County, the court house with its attached jail was constructed in 1854 and opened in 1855 in Milton. The architects were instructed to "erect a ventilating and heating apparatus for the prison, also for the court room and to provide the same with a judge's chair, desk, lamps, stoves and pipes for offices, and for each jury room one pine table and two benches and to install water closets."

The Court House was built in the Anglo-Norman style situated in the middle of a four-acre square of land from the Hugh Foster survey. Located on Brown Street in Milton, the land was a gift from Hugh Foster. Built with its back to the town, its private roadway and green space were guarded. It was built with limestone found in the area. The cost was 3900 pounds including furnishings.

On March 6, 1855 the Halton County Council met for the first time in its new building. In 1877 an addition to the jail was built. The year 1915 saw the erection of the Registry Office. In 1954 the tower was removed from the jail section.

The Court House was a focus for much of town life: Council meetings were held in the building and court proceedings took place attracting large crowds. The Knox Presbyterian Church congregation met in the building until the church building was completed, and the Library/Milton Mechanics Institute used it for lectures. The first Milton Town Council meeting was held within its walls in 1857.

In the County Square (Halton County Court House and Jail property) there was also much activity. The year 1857 saw celebrations for the Queen's birthday, as well as the cricket club, the lawn tennis players and the shuffleboard club using the grounds. On a more sober note, 3 hangings (1858, 1862, 1883) also took place in the County Square.

1974 saw the closing of the Court House, the formation of the Regional Municipality of Halton, and the Province of Ontario assuming responsibilities. In 1980 the Town of Milton acquired the Court House and following renovations, it became the new Milton Town Hall. In 2009 the building underwent further renovations and an addition was constructed.
Longueur : 21.500
Largeur : 22.000
Unité de mesure linéaire : CM
Établissement : Halton Region Museum
Ville de l'établissement : Milton
Province de l'établissement : Ontario
Site web de l'établissement : http://www.halton.ca/museum  

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