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jigger


Image - jigger
Pour © contacter :
Milltown-Head Bay d'Espoir Museum
Tous droits réservés.
Nom de l'objet : jigger
Type de l'objet : squid
Classification de l'objet : man-made artefact
Catégorie de l'objet : tools & equipment for materials
Sous-catégorie de l'objet : fishing & trapping tools & equipment
Discipline : anthropology
history
maritime history
material culture
Matériaux : fibre
metal, lead ?
paint
Technique de fabrication : handcrafted ?
painted
cast
Numéro de catalogue : DMHB2005.1.4a-b
Province d'origine : pre-confederation Newfoundland
Newfoundland and Labrador
Pays d'origine : Canada
Dominion of Newfoundland
Continent d'origine : North America
Province d'utilisation : pre-confederation Newfoundland
Newfoundland and Labrador
Pays d'utilisation : Canada
Dominion of Newfoundland
Culture : pre-confederation Newfoundland
Canadian
Secteur géo-culturel : North American
Contexte culturel : fishing
Date de fin de production : unknown
Période : first half of 20th century
Description : The red-painted metal body is an elongated ellipse shape. At the narrower end of the body is a tip with a rosette of numerous barbless, curved hooks around it. Some hooks are missing. A piece of twine is tied through the hole in the opposite end of the body.
Commentaires : This jigger was owned by Morgan Engram of Milltown, and donated to the museum by his grandson, Melvin Engram. The squid jigger may have arrived in Newfoundland through French, Spanish, and Portuguese influences on the Grand Banks. Squid were used as bait in the cod fishery, and the jigger was the common method of catching squid in Newfoundland. This particular jigger typifies most of those used prior to the introduction of mechanized jigging machines in 1964, which eventually replaced hand jiggers. Like most jiggers, it is made of lead, and painted red. The jigger is basically a lure for squid, and was almost always painted red, because red was believed to attract more squid. Even other metal objects, such as spark plugs, that were sometimes used as squid jiggers, were generally painted red before use. The jigger was used without bait, and squid were attracted by moving it up and down. Jiggers were often used individually on handlines, and at other times numerous jiggers were on a long line. The hooks on a squid jigger did little damage to the squid, but the squid would hold onto the jigger with its suckers, and it was then possible to pull up the jigger with the squid attached. Sometimes fires were built along a shore to lure the squid into an area where they could be more easily caught. Jiggers could be cast in a mould, in which the hooks were cast in place but unbent. After the jigger was removed from the mould, the hooks were bent over a wooden spool using a pocket knife or a short-bladed tool. This style of jigger was eventually patented by the Neyle-Soper Hardware Company in St. John's.
Fonctions : This squid jigger was used for catching squid.
Hauteur : 13
Longueur : 16.6
Largeur : 2.3
Unité de mesure linéaire : cm
Nombre d'objets : 1
Nombre de parties composantes : 2
Nom des parties composantes : jigger
twine
Établissement : Milltown-Head Bay d'Espoir Museum
Ville de l'établissement : Milltown-Head Bay d'Espoir
Province de l'établissement : Newfoundland and Labrador
Site web de l'établissement : http://manl.nf.ca/index.php/component/mtree/regional-listings/central/milltown-head-bay-despoir-museum.html   Facebook-Milltown-Head Bay d'Espoir Museum 

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