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crock


Image - crock
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Campbell House Museum
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Nom de l'objet : crock
Type de l'objet : container
Catégorie de l'objet : Tools & Equipment for Materials
Sous-catégorie de l'objet : food processing T&E
Discipline : History
Matériaux : ceramic
Numéro d'accession : 2005_009
Date de fin de production : unknown
Description : Cylinder-shaped crock with beige-grey glaze. Undecorated except for lines which appear around the neck portion of crock.
Commentaires : Crocks provided storage for food. Although potters in the American colonies had been producing red ware jugs, crocks and milk pans since the 1640s, the first stoneware was not produced in great quantities until the 1720s. The age of stoneware jugs is indicated by their shape. A jug from Bennington, an American pottery, from the 1830s would have a pear or ovoid shape, with the shoulders being much wider than the base. After 1850 jugs became increasingly cylindrical, until the sides were perpendicular by the 1880s. The introduction of mass-produced glass in the 1840s meant competition for potteries, and sales of stoneware began to decrease. By the 1870s, when glass canning jars and ice boxes became available, pottery was seldom used for food storage.
Decoration evolved over the years, with incised designs of fish, flowers or birds used from the late 1700s until about 1830. From around 1830 until the early 1870s pottery was painted with various cobalt mixtures, with designs of animals, flowers, birds and swirls. Cobalt mixture, in some potteries, was made by melting potash, silica sand, and cobalt oxide, then grinding this mixture into a 'slip' composed of white clay and water. Used in the late 1840s and early 1850s, the 'slip cup' used to decorate wares left a raised trail of cobalt slip on the surface of the pottery. By the 1870s stencils were being used. By the 1880s some potteries used small stamped or impressed decorations near the neck of the jugs.
Source: Raycroft, Don and Carol, "The Collector's Guide to Kitchen Antiques". Collector Books, Paducah, p. 60-72.
Hauteur : 8.0
Diamètre extérieur : 11.0
Unité de mesure linéaire : cm
Établissement : Campbell House Museum
Ville de l'établissement : Toronto
Province de l'établissement : Ontario
Site web de l'établissement : http://www.campbellhousemuseum.ca   Facebook-Campbell House Museum  Twitter-Campbell House Museum  YouTube-Campbell House Museum

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