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|Nom de l'objet :||washstand|
|Catégorie de l'objet :||Furnishings|
|Matériaux :||wood, mahogany|
|Numéro d'accession :||976 022|
|Province d'origine :||Quebec|
|Pays d'origine :||Canada|
|Date de fin de production :||circa 1820|
|Description :||Having an upper tier with sliding mirror in frame, mirror pivots on frame from centre, top arched and with wooden knob at apex, mirror and frame slide down into back of washstand; lidded compartment and two small shaped drawers below, enclosed by a pair of panelled doors; the lower section with a turned circular lid revealing a lead-lined basin below contained in a drawer with waste tap to the side; cupboard under with two panelled doors, upon tapered square legs; dark stringing decoration on cupboard doors and some drawers|
|Commentaires :||First introduced during the 1740s when hygiene was recognized as a matter of importance. By 1780 'bason' stands were present in every fashionable bedroom. They were utilitarian and discreet, rather than showy - designed to provide storage space for tooth brushes and shaving accessories as well as support for a basin and ewer of water. Late-19th century washstands were generally made en suite with other bedroom furniture."
Source: Bly, John, and Peter Philp, Gillian Walkling, "Antique Furniture Expert". Duncan Peterson Publishing Limited, 1991, p.32.
Standards of cleanliness in Upper Canada in the 19th century differ from what they are today. A daily washing of the face, neck, hands and feet, was considered sufficient, and hot baths were taken only as medical treatment. Tepid baths were considered dangerous if taken to soon after meals. It was not until the 1860s that baths were considered pleasurable, and not merely a means of preserving health. The 'Family Encyclopaedia', published in 1860, recommended bathing once a week in tepid water, adding that 'it will be of considerable service to add to it some soap'.
Source: Minhinnick, Jeanne, "At Home in Upper Canada". Clarke, Irwin & Company Ltd., 1983, p.109-110.
Washstands became fashionable items in dressing rooms in mid-18th century England. They were, at first, simple pieces of furniture with a hole at the top to hold a basin, although they gradually became more complex and decorative. Around 1800 they sometimes included a small hole next to the larger opening for the basin, meant to hold a soap dish. By this time, most had a cross-stretcher which supported a shelf or drawer, and held a jug of water. Eventually it became custom to keep the jug of water in the basin as opposed to on a lower shelf. A splashguard was usually attached to the top surface.
Most early washstands were imported from England, although cabinetmakers in Upper Canada produced them as well. Canadian washstands did not always have an opening for a basin, and they were often larger than the English versions. Homes of wealthier families in early Canada often had washstands in the library, office, or dining room, in addition to the bedroom.
Some washstands were likely brought to Upper Canada by officers stationed here, as those with numerous drawers and compartments would have been practical when travelling. The washstand in the Campbell House was likely such a piece.
|Unité de mesure linéaire :||cm|
|Nombre de parties composantes :||with all drawers, cupboards, etc. closed: height: 110.3, width: 53.2, depth: 49.0
with all drawers, cupboards, etc. open: height: 156.0, width: 107.4, depth: 70.0
|Établissement :||Campbell House Museum Facebook-Campbell House Museum Twitter-Campbell House Museum YouTube-Campbell House Museum|
|Ville de l'établissement :||Toronto|
|Province de l'établissement :||Ontario|
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