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Red Ensign


Image - Red Ensign
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Battle Harbour National Historic Site
Tous droits réservés.
Nom de l'objet : Red Ensign
Type de l'objet : Flag
Classification de l'objet : Man-made Artefact
Catégorie de l'objet : Communication Artefact
Sous-catégorie de l'objet : Ceremonial Artefact
Discipline : History
Maritime History
Matériaux : Cloth Bunting
Technique de fabrication : Cut
Sewn
Numéro d'accession : 127
Pays d'origine : England
Continent d'origine : Europe
Pays d'utilisation : Canada
Dominion of Newfoundland
England
Culture : English
Secteur géo-culturel : European
Contexte culturel : Merchant Navy Flag
Date de début de production : 1900
Date de fin de production : 1940
Période : Early 20th Century
Description : This artefact is a merchant fleet flag. The flag is rectangle in shape and is constructed from red, white, and blue bunting. The field is red with a small rectangular British union flag in the upper left corner. The main body of the flag consists of two sections of red material that has been sewn together. The union flag consists of numerous sections of cloth stitched together to form the flag. The union flag has then been stitched to the main flag. The left hand edge has been reinforced by a white material. On this edge in both corners are two metal grommets, which form the attachment point for the flag to the ship. The flag is stained and the right edge has frayed with use.
Commentaires : The Red Ensign was flown on English war ships as early as 1620. The flag consisted of a red field with St George's cross in the upper left hand corner. By 1674 the Red Ensign was approved for use on all English ships both naval and merchant. The 1701 Act of Union with Scotland and 1801 Act of Union with Ireland saw the addition of each nation's flag to the Red Ensign, resulting in a red field with the British Union flag in the upper left corner. By 1864 the Red Ensign was designated for use by the merchant navy only. The Red Ensign was adopted for use on land by merchantmen in British colonies who had obtained a special Admiralty Warrant. The Red Ensign was unofficially adapted my many colonies through the application of a crest to the red field. Newfoundland ships flew their own unofficial version of the Red Ensign between 1904 and 1930. The flag was similar to the Official Ensign but included a crest that depicted Mercury, Britannia, and a fisherman surrounded by the motto "Haec Tibi Dona Fero," which translated as "These Gifts I bring Thee.
Fonctions : This flag was flown by British naval and merchant naval ships.
Nombre d'objets : 1
Nombre de parties composantes : 2
Nom des parties composantes : Red Field
Union Flag
Nom du motif : Red Ensign
Établissement : Battle Harbour National Historic Site
Ville de l'établissement : Battle Harbour
Province de l'établissement : Newfoundland and Labrador
Site web de l'établissement : http://www.battleharbour.com/home/   Facebook-Battle Harbour National Historic Site  Twitter-Battle Harbour National Historic Site  YouTube-Battle Harbour National Historic Site

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