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Regimental Hat Badge


Image - Regimental Hat Badge
Pour © contacter :
Church Lad's Brigade Archives and Museum
Tous droits réservés.
Nom de l'objet : Regimental Hat Badge
Type de l'objet : Badge
Classification de l'objet : Man-made Artefact
Catégorie de l'objet : Communication Artefact
Sous-catégorie de l'objet : Personal Symbol
Discipline : History
Local History
Military History
Constituant de l'armé : British Army
Grade militaire : Other Ranks
Unité militaire : Newfoundland Regiment
Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Matériaux : Brass
Technique de fabrication : Stamped
Numéro d'accession : NoAccession04
Province d'origine : Newfoundland and Labrador
Pre-confederation Newfoundland
Pays d'origine : Canada
Dominion of Newfoundland
Continent d'origine : North America
Province d'utilisation : Newfoundland and Labrador
Pre-confederation Newfoundland
Pays d'utilisation : Canada
Dominion of Newfoundland
Culture : Canadian
Pre-confederation Newfoundland
Secteur géo-culturel : European
Contexte culturel : Military Insignia
Date de début de production : 1914
Date de fin de production : c 1950s
Période : Early to Mid 20th Century
Description : This item is a regimental badge worn on the Pattern 1907 Service Dress Cap of the British Army 1914 -1918. The badge has been constructed by pressing sheet brass over a mould bearing the positive relief of the badge. This badge contains the profile view of the head and neck of a caribou, underneath which is a furled banner containing the block letter title "NEWFOUNDLAND." The caribou head is angled slightly up and when worn on the uniform always points to the right. The caribou also clearly displays a prominent rack of antlers. The badge consists of raised points and depressions that form the facial features and the detail of the fur. The badge also contains an overall stippled background pattern that is visible in the low areas of the badge. The reverse of the badge contains two copper wire lugs that have been soldered to the badge. The lugs form a set of loops through which a split pin is inserted. The Lug and pin set up forms the attachment point of the badge to the uniform.
Commentaires : When War was declared on Germany by Britain on 4 August 1914, the entire British Empire was at war. Though the island of Newfoundland comprised only a very small section of the Empire, it was not exempt from the declaration of war and was expected to contribute to the crown's war effort. The news of Britons' entrance into the European war arrived in Newfoundland on 4 August 1914 at 9:25 pm by way of message from the Secretary of State for the Colonies to Government House. The reality of an Empire war was quickly realised in Newfoundland when prior to the declaration, London informed the colony to be weary of an attack by the enemy prior to the official declaration of war. Fears were heightened when the British Admiralty informed the colony that the German cruiser Dresden was known to be off the coast of St. Pierre. The Governor of Newfoundland, Sir Walter E. Davidson, recorded in his daily log on 4 August 1914 his plans for action if the Dresden entered St. John's harbour. Newfoundland found itself in a difficult situation in the summer of 1914; with the exception of the Naval Reserve the island had not had a military presence since the 1870's when the British Army was removed from garrison. The lack of any formal military institution meant that the colony would have to build its expected contribution from scratch. On 8 August 1914 the Government of Newfoundland sent a message to London outlining the contribution of Newfoundland to the war effort as drafted by Gov. Davidson. Davidson proposed to recruit, train, and pay for a contingent of 500 men, to be raised over one month, for overseas service in the British army as well as the raising of 1000 Naval Reservists by 31 October 1914 for service in the Royal Navy. On 9 August 1914 the Secretary of State for the Colonies acknowledged the acceptance of the men for overseas service, while the Admiralty formally accepted the raising of 1000 reservists on the 14th of October. On the 12th of August a number of prominent St. John's citizens gathered at the Church Lad's Brigade Armoury to listen to Davidson speak of the offer and acceptance of men for the cause. The meeting was a resounding success and led to the formation of a committee to see to the enlistment, equipping, and training of the 500 men. This committee, with Davidson at the head quickly transformed itself into the Newfoundland Patriotic Committee or Newfoundland Patriotic Association as it later called itself. The NPA acted as the head of the Newfoundland war effort until it was replaced in 1917 by the Department of Militia. The response to the call for men was far greater than most had expected. The CLB Armoury was set up as the head of the Regiment and the first recruitment center and at the close of the first night of recruitment 74 men had enlisted for service, by week's end the number had increased to 275 men. Men traveled to the city to enlist in the Regiment, while numerous men from the cities 4 denominational cadet corps enlisted. The first man to enlist in the Newfoundland Regiment was Leonard T. Stick a member of the CLB. On August 25th a group of 40 men from the Catholic Cadet Corps enlisted en-masse. By the 2nd of September, 14 days after the call for men, over 700 men had enlisted, 250 of who had been attested. Training of the men began shortly thereafter on the old cricket grounds at Pleasantville south of Quidi Vidi pond. On the afternoon of 3 October 1914 residents of St. John's watched as the first contingent of the Newfoundland Regiment totalling 537 men, marched from their camp at Pleasantville to the Furness Whity Company wharf in St. John's harbour to board the S.S. Florizel and embark for further training in England. This group of men later became known as the 'First Five Hundred' or 'Blue Puttees,' due to the distinct colour of their leggings. The colony continued to recruit men on the island for overseas service, while the ranks of the Newfoundland Regiment training in Britain increased with subsequent drafts from Newfoundland. On 20 August 1915 a little under a year after its formation, the Regiment embarked from Devonport and headed to the Middle East to join the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force in the fighting at Gallipoli, Turkey. Once in the Middle East the Newfoundland Regiment was attached to the 88th Brigade of the British 29th Division and affixed the red cloth triangle divisional patch to the sleeve of their tunics. The Regiment fought with the 29th Division in Gallipoli until the whole British Army was withdrawn when it was determined that the campaign there could not succeed. The Division was transferred to the British Expeditionary Force in France, where in April of 1916 the Newfoundland Regiment took up position around the village of Beaumont Hamel. The Regiment took part in the fighting on 1 July 1916 as part of the major British offensive in the Somme valley. In a half hour of fighting around the village of Beaumont Hamel the Newfoundland Regiment suffered mass casualties and ended the day with 64 of 700 men fit for duty. The Regiment was refit and placed back in the lines to serve with distinction at Sailly-Saillisel, Monchy-le-Preux, Langemarck, Poelcappelle, Cambrai, Bailleul, and Courtrai among others. It was for their actions during the attack at Cambrai in 1917 that King George granted them with the prefix 'Royal' in 1917. Though many regiments were conferred with the title of Royal after the war, the granting of such a title to a regiment during hostilities was in and of itself a great honour as this had only happened on two other occasions, once in 1665 and the other in 1885. Though the Regiment continued to serve with distinction in Europe they suffered casualties that could not be sustained by the reserves that continued to arrive from the 2nd Battalion locate in Ayr, Scotland. Recruitment had dropped off on the home front and there was serious concern over the nation's ability to sustain a front line combat regiment. In April of 1918 the Regiment was removed from service with the 29th Division while the man power issues were straightened out. The removal of the Regiment sparked emotions in Newfoundland as many did not want to see their regiment end the war in such a fashion as it had become a source for national pride. The removal also heightened tensions over the Military Services Act that proposed the conscription of Newfoundlanders to fill the ranks. The Regiment was refit and sent back into action with the 9th Scottish Division, with whom they served until war's end. When the war ended on 11 November 1918, 12,425 Newfoundlanders had volunteered for service, 6241 of whom actually saw service in the Regiment in Europe. During their time in Europe the Regiment suffered 1305 fatalities with a further 2314 men wounded. The caribou that identified the men as members of the Newfoundland Regiment came to symbolise their actions and sacrifice in the years that followed the Great War. A series of five bronze life size caribou statues were erected in Europe at Beaumont Hamel, Gueudecourt, Masnieres, Monchy-le-Preux, and Courtrai, while a sixth was raised in Bowring Park in St. John's.
Fonctions : This regimental cap badge was worn on the Pattern 1907 Service Dress Cap issued to the Newfoundland Regiment during the First World War. It was worn on the front of the cap centered above the visor. The caribou cap badge formed one of a number of regimental identifiers worn by the men of the Newfoundland Regiment from 1914 -1918. This Badge in particular formed part of a collection owned my William Blacklar Knight Coultas, a soldier of the Second World War and respected officer in the Church Lad's Brigade in Newfoundland.
Hauteur : 2.9
Largeur : 3.5
Unité de mesure linéaire : cm
Nombre d'objets : 1
Nombre de parties composantes : 1
Nom des parties composantes : Badge
Étiquette ou poinçon : Newfoundland
Établissement : Church Lad's Brigade Archives and Museum
Ville de l'établissement : St. John's
Province de l'établissement : Newfoundland and Labrador
Site web de l'établissement : http://www.theclb.ca 

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