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Tractor


Image - Tractor
Pour © contacter :
Keno Mining Museum
Tous droits réservés.
Nom de l'objet : Tractor
Catégorie de l'objet : Distribution & Transportation Artefacts
Sous-catégorie de l'objet : Land Transportation - Motorized
Discipline : History
Numéro d'accession : 2007.74.1
Date de fin de production : Circa1919
Description : Caterpillar' track type tractor is labelled on the back, "The Fuel Crawler Co. 1919". The body, the engine, and tracks remain intact. However, the seat and steering column is missing. Most of the metal is rusted and disintegrating.
Fonctions : Caterpillar' track type tractors were marketed as the necessary horseless farm implement of the twentieth century. In the Yukon, 'Caterpillar' track trains replaced the horses for hauling freight. They first were used for hauling freight around the mines and transport goods between the communities. Eventually the tractors were used as an alternate for horses on the Overland Trail which ran from Whitehorse to Dawson City. The inaugural 'Cat' driven over land trip was driven by Emil Forrest and Cam Smith in the spring of 1925. It took them 16 days to complete. The men took longer then expected to complete the trek because they stopped periodically along the way to widen the trail where ever it was needed. In 1922, the Keno branch of the Guggenheim Company brought in a tracked 5-ton 'Holt' tractor, (The Holt Company later merged with the 'C.L. Best Tractor Company to form the Caterpillar Tractor Company in 1925), to haul wood for their powerhouse boiler. After autumn of 1923, mechanized vehicles in the form of the tracked 10-ton Holt tractor completely replaced horses for commercial hauling in the area. These tractors were used in the area from the 1920s to the 1940s and were touted as a major cost and time saving machine. One "Cat" could haul four sleighs direct to Mayo without any relays. This journey would normally have taken 96 horses and many stops along the way. Economically, the switch to tractors cut the freight cost from $26.50 with horses to $8.50 per ton.
Mention de crédit - Image : Keno City Mining Museum
Établissement : Keno Mining Museum
Ville de l'établissement : Keno City
Province de l'établissement : Yukon Territory
Site web de l'établissement : http://www.yukonmuseums.ca/museum/keno/keno.html  

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