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|Nom de l'objet :||Uniform|
|Catégorie de l'objet :||Personal Artefacts|
|Sous-catégorie de l'objet :||Clothing- Outerwear|
|Matériaux :||Fibre, Wool
|Numéro de catalogue :||HF.89.34.2|
|Numéro d'accession :||HF.89.34.2|
|Description :||Officer's dress coat; wool broadcloth with short tail; red and green; contrasting front facing, cuffs and collar, all of which are decorated with silver lacing and gold plated (?) buttons; arms length= 46cm, Front facing width= 11cm, Buttons diameter= 2cm, one front button missing|
|Commentaires :||Field Officer's dress coat. The short-tailored coatee of the 49th (The Princess Charlotte of Wales) Regiment of foot is the pattern worn by officers of that regiment during its service in Upper Canada during the War of 1812. In the regiment's listing in the Army List for 1820, a Samual Holland held a commission in that regiment during the correct period for the uniform pattern. This is Lieutenant Samual Holland's coatee. December 28th, 2001 was the two hundredth anniversary of the death of Capt. Samuel Johannes Holland, surveyor/cartographer, and Surveyor General of British North America, - the man who mapped the Island, and who laid out its lots and parishes between the years of 1764 and 1766. He died in 1801, and was buried in Quebec City. During his lifetime, he accomplished mapping along the St. Lawrence River, in P.E.I., the Madelaine Islands, and Cape Breton, and south along the Atlantic coast. He began his Island mapping at Fort Amherst (now widely known as Holland Cove) in October 1764, completing his PEI mapping two years later. His payment was to be awarded Lot 28 (Tryon area) during the 1767 land lottery. The lot was settled by a few farmers and disbanded soldiers and Samuel went on to other commissions, administering the lot as an absentee landlord. By 1798, there were 136 residents on the lot. At the beginning of the American War of Independence, in 1783, Holland was sent to Quebec, where he remained until his death. His wife (second spouse, his first wife, Gertrude Hasse never accompanied him to America), Marie Josette (Rolette) Holland returned to the Island from Quebec following his death, and she settled at the home of her first-born son, John Frederick Holland (b. winter of 1764?65 at Observation (Holland) Cove, St. John's Island/PEI). Perhaps no one man affected the history of the Island as much as did Samuel Holland. He was a brilliant and productive surveyor for the times, and his survey, which set out the Island in its lots, still a very large part of its mapping to this day. It was an excellent example of the skill of Holland, and typical of his work. He was a scientific man, author of many of his own innovations in surveying and cartography, and during his survey here, he put to use instruments, newly developed in Britain, such as the astronomical clock and the refracting telescope to produce accuracy in his work, unknown before him. http://www.islandregister.com/holland/hollandmap.html Firmin & Co, London: Established in 1677 with origins dating back to before the reign of Charles II, Firmin & Sons is one of the longest established companies in the United Kingdom. Originally based in the City of London, the Company moved to Birmingham, the manufacturing heartland of the UK, in the late 19th Century. Firmin and Sons currently holds three Royal Warrants of Appointment and has the honour of holding the Royal Warrant of Appointment as button manufacturer to Her Majesty The Queen. The same warrant has been held for each successive monarch since King George II, showing its continuous commitment to providing products and services of the very highest standards. The Firmin Group incorporates several other long established companies which include J R Gaunt & Son (established 1750), William Dowler & Son (established 1774), Smith & Wright (established 18th century) and Stratton of London (established 1860). The first known record of the Company came with the reference to Thomas Firmin, the button maker, in the 'List of Names of Merchants in London' for the year 1677. By 1754, the Company's ledgers and order books recorded purchases by King George II and various other members of the British Royal Family. The first known Royal Warrant as button makers was granted by King George III in 1796. Thereafter Firmin has held Warrants for every successive British Sovereign to the present day. From modest beginnings as button makers, Firmin became the leading supplier of every form of uniform, livery or badge, and the accessories and accoutrements to go with them. This achievement was recognised when Firmin exhibited at the Great Exhibition in London in 1851. Firmin's renown was international: in the American Civil War both sides wore Firmin buttons. http://www.firmin.co.uk/history.aspx|
|Unité de mesure linéaire :||Centimetre|
|Translittération de l'inscription :||On buttons: "P. CHARLOTTE OF WALE'S (surrounding) 49" button reverse "FIRMIN & CO LONDON|
|Établissement :||Prince Edward Island Museum and Heritage Foundation|
|Ville de l'établissement :||Charlottetown|
|Province de l'établissement :||Prince Edward Island|
|Site web de l'établissement :||http://www.peimuseum.com Facebook-Prince Edward Island Museum and Heritage Foundation Twitter-Prince Edward Island Museum and Heritage Foundation|
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