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PROVENANCE - Humanities

Field label
Field mnemonic
Field name
  • Provenance
  • Provenance
Field definition
This field contains information on the ownership history of the object. It is used to record what we know about the chain of property of the object, especially for works of art with gaps in their provenance between 1933 and 1945. The information recorded in this field includes names of known owners, dates of ownership, places of ownership, and method of transfer (sale, gift, bequest, etc.) for the object. Enter the provenance information chronologically.
Strongly recommended for uploading to Artefacts Canada.
This field was added in 2015. It is intended to enable museums to record data on the provenance of holocaust-era cultural property, in the hopes that this information would assist researchers to identify works which may have gaps in their provenance. However, this field may be of use to any museum that wishes to share provenance information.
Entry rules
Enter basic information on the provenance event, such as names of owners, places of sale, method of transfer, buyers, auctions, etc. Enter names of individuals, organizations or businesses in full, without inverting them. Enter the date or sequence of dates associated with the provenance event, in numeric format. Use four digits for years. If possible, record a more precise date, using the following format: YYYY-MM-DD. A semicolon and a space should separate multiple entries.
Cataloguers rules
See also, Provenance Notes (PRVNOTES). Each entry in the Provenance field may have a corresponding Provenance Note, to provide additional details on the provenance event. In this case, end the Provenance entry with a number in brackets, and identify the associated Provenance Notes entry starting with the same number in brackets (see Examples).
Data type
Alpha-numeric string
  • Sammy Rosenberg, Paris, purchased from the artist, 1928; Galerie Flamande, Paris, by 1940; Paul Franklin, Rider Gallery, New York, 1952 [1]; Purchase, The Ancient Art Museum, 1955 [2]
  • 1923, Charles Mansfield [1]
  • 1961-12-20 – 1964-12-15, Robert Frank, London, and Agnew & Sons, London, UK (owned jointly); 1964-12-15, Robert Frank, London, purchased from Agnew & Sons [1]
  • Sammy Rosenberg, Paris, acheté de l’artiste, 1928; Galerie Flamande, Paris, autour de 1940; Paul Franklin, Rider Gallery, New York, 1952 [1]; Achat, The Ancient Art Museum, 1955 [2]
  • 1923, Charles Mansfield [1]
  • 1961-12-20 – 1964-12-15, Robert Frank, Londres, et Agnew & Sons, Londres, UK (propriété conjointe); 1964-12-15, Robert Frank, Londres, achat de Agnew & Sons [1]
  • Art
  • American Association of Museums Recommendation, Standards Regarding the Unlawful Appropriation of Objects During the Nazi Era.
  • Holocaust-Era Cultural Property Symposium, Ottawa 2001; A Matter of Justice: Recommendations of the Canadian Symposium on Holocaust-era Cultural Property, Ottawa, Ontario, November 14-16, 2001
Field label (French)
Field mnemonic (French)

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