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Sculpture


Image - Sculpture Image - Sculpture
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Old Courthouse Museum
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Nom de l'objet : Sculpture
Type de l'objet : Carving
Catégorie de l'objet : Art
Matériaux : wood
Numéro d'accession : 1975.87.01
Date de fin de production : 1975-05-01
Description : Man and plow carved out of driftwood, with a plastic horse. The man and plow are fashioned from driftwood: the man and plow are a pine stump; the arms and legs are the limbs of a tree; the shoes are black walnut; and, the head is a crampknot from a hardwood tree.
Commentaires : The creation of three dimensional figures out of wood is an art form known as wood sculpture. The wood carving techniques employed in creating these sculptures is practiced throughout the world. Evidence for the practise extends back to the Stone Age with the Thinker of Cernavoda recovered from the banks of the Danube in modern-day Romania. Carving, however, became quite popular in Europe during the medieval period; a number of altarpieces and religiously themed sculptures were created. The art form underwent a revival during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries although there are numerous modern artists who use wood as a sculpture medium including Henry Moore, Barbara Hepworth, and Ernst Barlach. Both softwoods and hardwoods can be used as a medium; softwoods are easier to manipulate but are not as durable while hardwoods are more difficult to work with but have a longer endurance. Wood can be carved more precisely than either stone or bone, but is more sensitive to the elements and, thus, is used mainly for indoor pieces. Tools with special edges are used to create specific gouge shapes while chisels create lines. Wood can be chip carved, relief carved, or Scandinavian flat-planed. Once the carving is shaped, the artist smoothes the wood using various grains of sandpaper and rasps. This particular carving falls under the realm of folk art. The piece has a whimsical quality about it. This form of art has long been popular in Nova Scotia. Many of the early settlers fashioned carvings in their spare time; they employed the same skills during the day building their houses and other materials necessary for daily life. Carvers drew on their own cultural backgrounds and experiences to provide inspiration for their art; they were also influenced by the shape and type of the wood.
Hauteur : 39 cm
Longueur : 90 cm
Largeur : 13.5 cm
Établissement : Old Courthouse Museum
Ville de l'établissement : Guysborough
Province de l'établissement : Nova Scotia
Site web de l'établissement : http://www.guysboroughhistoricalsociety.ca/courthouse-museum.htm  

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